Palm Springs Art and History

The city is located in the Valley of the Coachella, near San Bernardino, at the foot of Mount San Jacinto, 180 km east of Los Angeles. The main natural healing factors of the resort are thermal sulphide waters, mineral springs and hot dry climate, which is formed thanks to Mojave desert. Characteristic feature of Palm Springs is that there is a large number of sunny days (over 350 and only 150 mm of precipitation per year. Average daily temperatures in summer are around 40 ° C, in winter - about -7 ° C. The Spanish, who founded the settlement of Agua Caliente (translated as hot water), knew about hot springs. But the development of Palm Springs as a resort began in the 20th century (the first sanatorium opened in 1909). The oldest buildings are the houses of J. McCallum (1884) and C. White (1893) from mud brick. Many villas stayed  preserved in the style of so called desert modernism, designed by architects A. Frei, R. Neutra, R.Ch. Chambers, E. Stewart Williams, A. Quincy Jones, J. Lautner. One of the largest museums of California is located in Palm Springs. The permanent exhibition - the work of Picasso, Warhol, Liechtenstein.